The celebration of October 12 has a long and controversial history. It is the day in 1492 when Christopher Columbus landed in what is now San Salvador in the Bahamas. And for the next 500 years it was part of the cultural heritage of the Americas celebrating the European, especially Spanish, influence in America.

It is celebrated as Columbus Day in the United States, as Día de la Raza or Día de la Hispanidad in many Latin American countries, and in 2010 it was declared Spanish Language Day by the United Nations.

Native American groups across the continent, however, believe that the glorifying the European subjugation of the Americas masks past and present injustices against Native American people. A growing number of communities celebrate October 12 as Indigenous People’s Day.

This image is a photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. It appeared in the October 1947 issue of an Argentine judicial journal.10-12-17


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