Albanian Alphabet Day

From November 14 to November 22, 1908 the Congress of Manastir (Albanian: Kongresi i Manastirit) was held with the goal of standardizing the Albanian alphabet. Prior to the Congress, the Albanian language was represented by a combination of six or more distinct alphabets, plus a number of sub-variants. November 22 is now a commemorative day in Albania, Kosovo, and North Macedonia.

As benign as it sounds, it was quite controversial. Prior to the Congress the Ottomans, wanting to defend their sovereignty, demanded that Albanians formally declare themselves as Ottomans and adopt an Arabic-based alphabet. Rather than revolution, the Congress was convened where Muslims, Orthodox, and Catholic scholars debated the formalizaton of the Albanian language. Finally, a compromise was reached with an alphabet with elements from both the Arabic and Latin scripts.

The Congress of Manastir represents one of the most important events for Albanians, not only because of the decisions made, but also because those decisions legally implemented by the Ottoman authorities. In 2008, festivities were organized in Bitola, Tirana, and Pristina to celebrate the centenary of the congress.

The official decision on the final Albanian alphabet, chosen by Congress of Monastir, 1908
 Български: Албанската азбука от Битолския конгрес
Shqip: Vendimi i Komisionit të ngritur në Kongresin e Manastirit për alfabetin e gjuhës shqipe.
The official decision on the final Albanian alphabet, chosen by Congress of Monastir, 1908
Български: Албанската азбука от Битолския конгрес
Shqip: Vendimi i Komisionit të ngritur në Kongresin e Manastirit për alfabetin e gjuhës shqipe.

These posts are true to the best of my knowledge at the time of writing. I make no claims as to their accuracy. The purpose is to inform, educate, amuse, and make people aware of causes and opportunities around the world. I also encourage civil debate in the comment section.

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