Typing Day was conceptualized in Malaysia and falls yearly on the 8th of January. It was first celebrated in 2011 when the Malaysian Speed Typing Contest broke two records in the Malaysian Book of Records (MBR) i.e. the Fastest Typist and the Largest Participation for a Typing Event. I find no precedent for it other than the fact that Malaysia seems to have an obsession for world records of any kind.
The earliest world typewriter championships, in the late 1800s, were mainly to test the machines, not the typists. The first true World Typewriting Championship was held in Chicago in 1906. Its winner was Rose Fritz at 82 words per minute. Later Albert Tangora set a world record speed for continuous typing. He typed 147 words a minute for one hour on October 22, 1923. After a rest period, he typed 159 words in a one-minute “sprint”. His record over the one-hour period has never been exceeded on a manual typewriter.
Typing Day was originally conceived by Team TAC (Typo Auto Corrector), whose aspiration is to encourage everyday people especially the younger generation to type and learn proper English. Team TAC has designed and developed the SecondKey, a computer program that automatically corrects wrong English spellings in virtually any online and offline type-written interface (i.e. social network sites, word processing programs, etc.) Working closely together with Microsoft Malaysia, the software is currently being improved and expanded beyond the English language with various add on features to enhance typing accuracy and efficiency.
Populaire is a delightful French film set in the speed typing hey day.